Unit 54. verb + (object) + to… (i want (you) to do etc.) grammar in use

A.
Want ask help would like would love
expect beg mean (= intend) would prefer would hate
These verbs are followed by to… (infinitive). The structure can be:
verb + to…
* We expected to be late.
* Would you like to go now?
* He doesn’t want to know.
or verb + object + to…
* We expected Tom to be late.
* Would you like me to go now?
* He doesn’t want anybody to know.
Be careful with want. Do not say ‘want that…’:
* Do you want me to come with you? (not ‘Do you want that I come’)
After help you can use the infinitive with or without to. So you can say:
* Can you help me to move this table? or Can you help me move this table?

B.
Tell remind force enable teach order warn invite persuade get (= persuade, arrange for)
These verbs have the structure verb + object + to… :
* Can you remind me to phone Ann tomorrow?
* Who taught you to drive?
* I didn’t move the piano by myself. I got somebody to help me.
* Jim said the switch was dangerous and warned me not to touch it.
In the next example, the verb is passive (was warned):
* I was warned not to touch the switch.
Note that you cannot use suggest with the structure verb + object + to…
* Jane suggested that I should buy a car. (not ‘Jane suggested me to buy’)
For suggest, see Units 34 and 52.

C.
Advise recommend encourage allow permit forbid
There are two possible structures after these verbs. Compare:
verb + ~ing (without an object)
* I wouldn’t recommend staying in that hotel.
* She doesn’t allow smoking in the house.
verb + object + to…
* I wouldn’t recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.
* She doesn’t allow us to smoke in the house.
Compare these examples with (be) allowed (passive):
* Smoking isn’t allowed in the house.
* We aren’t allowed to smoke in the house.

D.
Make and let
These verbs have the structure verb + object + infinitive (without to):
* The customs officer made Sally open her case. (not ‘to open’)
* Hot weather makes me feel tired. (= causes me to feel tired)
* Her parents wouldn’t let her go out alone. (= wouldn’t allow her to go out)
* Let me carry your bag for you.
We say ‘make somebody do…’ (not ‘to do’), but the passive is ‘(be) made to do…’ (infinitive with to):
* Sally was made to open her case (by the customs officer).



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Unit 54. verb + (object) + to… (i want (you) to do etc.) grammar in use