The USA is the most powerful and highly developed country of the world. It is situated in the central part of the North American continent. Its western coast is washed by the Pacific Ocean and its eastern coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
The total area of the USA is over 9 million square kilometers.
The principal rivers of the USA are the Mississipi, the longest river in the USA, and the Hudson river.
The population of the United States is about 250 million people, who are called Americans. Most of the people live in towns and the population of the countryside is becoming smaller and smaller.
For many decades the USA has been the place where lots of people sought refuge from persecution for political or religious beliefs. Thats why in America there are representatives of practically all racial and national groups. There are about 25 million Negroes in the country and a little over half a million Indians.
The capital of the USA is Washington. It is situated in the District of Columbia. Washington is a beatiful administrative city with practically no industry.
There are coal-mines in the Cordillera Mountains, in the Kansas City region. Iron is mined near the Great Lakes. The USA has rich oil fields in California, Texas and some other regions. It occupies one of the first places among the countries of the world for production of coal, iron and oil.
The USA is a federal country of 50 states and the District of Columbia. The political life of the country has always dominated by the two major parties: the Democratic party and the Republican party.
The President is elected by the whole nation for four years, is head of the state and the Government.
New York is the largest city in the USA and the biggest seaport. It was founded in 1613 by Dutch settlers.
THe total area of New York is 365 square miles or 900 square kilometers. Its population together with the population of its suburbs amounts to 16 million people.
A traveler who visits New York for the first time wonders at the modern architecture. The Statue of Liberty, which is on Liberty Island, was a present from France in 1876 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of American independence. This statue and a few 18th and 19th century churches, hospitals, newspaper offices and other buildings are the only examples of “old” architecture in New York. Wherever your eyes travel, everywhere you can see sky-scrapers.
New York, one of the USA leading manufacturing cities. The most important branches of industry are those producing vehicles, glass, chemicals and all kinds of machinery.
New York has many museums and art galleries which have collected works of art of many peoples and of all times. Many of them are on constant display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of Art.