14 September 2011
The Moscow Times
Russia will lose at least 10 million able-bodied workers by 2025 and must attract more foreign specialists to survive, Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said Tuesday, Interfax reported.
Speaking at a council meeting in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, capital of the Sakhalin region, Patrushev said the country’s reserves of young and middle-aged workers were “practically exhausted.”
“This demands new solutions and measures to attract highly qualified workers, members of the so-called middle class, capable of solving the problem of modernization,” he said, adding that by official estimates, two-thirds of the workers the economy needs fall into this category.
Patrushev said President Dmitry Medvedev has asked for a new migration policy, which the Security Council will review. He specified no deadline.
The choice of location for the former FSB chief’s speech was deliberate: The Far East is suffering an acute population drain, and there’s a shortage of workers for large infrastructure and oil and gas projects, as well as for machine building and transportation, he said.
The number of immigrants, meanwhile, is on the rise, with some 560,000 arriving to the Far East Federal District last year, compared with 360,000 in 2005. The figure for this year stands so far at 277,000, which is 8 percent more than for the first eight months of 2011, Rossiiskaya Gazeta reported.
Preliminary results from a nationwide census last fall put the Russian population at almost 142 million, 3 million less than during the previous census in 2002.
The number of able-bodied workers stood last year at 75.8 million, the BBC Russian Service reported, citing the State Statistics Service.
The statistics agency predicts on its web site that Russia’s population could fall by as many as 8 million by 2025. A 2008 United Nations report said the decrease may be 11 million, with widespread alcoholism, emigration, poverty and poor medical care to blame.