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Russia is one of the largest countries of the world. It occupies about one seventh part of dry land. Its total area is over 17 million square kilometres. The country borders Finland and Norway to the north-west and China to the south-east. It’s also bordered by several seas and three oceans. There are different types of climate in the various regions of Russia. It is very cold in Yakutia even in summer. Central Russia has a mild climate as, the winter is quite cold, autumn and spring are both cool and wet, with hot short summers.

In Krasnodarsky Region the temperature is above zero all year round, even in winter. Summer is really hot there. In some locations the climate is subtropical. The climate of Siberia is continental: summers are hot and dry and winters are cold and windy. There are a lot of mountains in Russia. The oldest ones very rich in minerals are the Urals.

There are many rivers in Russia, the longest ones are the Volga in European Russia and the Yenisei and Ob Rivers in the Russian Far East. The deepest lakes are Baikal and Ladoga. Lake Baikal’s waters used to be the purest in the world. These days leaders of environmental protection organizations want it to be restored, preserved and kept safe and pure. They demand removing industrial enterprises off of its shores.

The Russian Federation is very rich in mineral resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold and diamonds.

Moscow is the capital of our country. It was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. It is both a busy commercial, industrial megapolis and a nice city at the same time. There are a lot of art galleries, theatres, museums and monuments in Moscow. The most famous historical place is Moscow’s Kremlin, where the President resides and works. People of Russia take pride in the Kremlin. There are also a great number of beautiful cities in Russia.

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