Russia is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh part of dry land. It is situated in Europe and in Asia. It’s total area is over 17 million square kilometers, with a population of 200 million people. There are 1,030 towns and cities in this country. Moscow, with 9,5 million people, is its capital. The country is bordered by seas and oceans. The two oceans that border Russia are the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Pacific Ocean in the east.
There are many rivers in Russia. The largest rivers are the Volga in European Russia and the Yenisei and OB in the Russian Far East. The deepest lakes are Lake Baikal and Lake Ladoga. All rivers flow to the seas.
Russia’s lands are mostly flat. Russia is located on two plains, the Great Russia Plain and the Western Siberian Plain. There are three main mountain chains in Russia. The Caucasus is a range of mountains which extend from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. The highest mountain in European Russia is Mount Elbrus, located along the Caucasus moutain range.
The Urals extend from the Arctic Ocean to the steppes. This mountain chain divides the European and Asian parts of Russia. The Urals are famous for their valuable minerals. There are 150 volcanoes in Kamchatka, 30 of which are active. Russia Federation is very rich in minerals resources, such as oil, natural gas, coal, iron, gold and others. Russia borders on fourteen countries including the former republics of the USSR, which are now independent states. Russia borders with Estonia, Latvia, Finland, Poland, China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan, Kazakhstan and so on.
Today Russia is one of the world’s largest grain products and exporters. It produces 78 % of all its natural gas, 60 % of steel, 80 % of timber and 91 % of oil. So, today Russia is one of the greatest industrialized countries in the world.
The main cities of Russia are: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, Ufa, Perm, Rostov – on –
Don, and Vladivostok. Many villages in Russia are famous for their specific crafts: painted boxes in Palkn, wooden tableware in Khokhloma, and toys in Dymkovo.
Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is one of the biggest and most beautiful cities in the world. Moscow is a modern city. It is the political and governmental center of the country. Moscow is the port of five seas, as the Volga Canal links Moscow with the Baltic, White, Caspian and Black seas and also with the Sea of Azov. Moscow is Russia’s cultural center. There are a lot of theatres, museums, institutes, libraries and cinemas. Young people like to visit the Central Military Museum. There are many tanks, guns and war documents there. Everyone can see the Kremlin and Red Square in the city. There are many fine buildings, wide streets, green parks, large squares, churches and monuments in Moscow. There are a lot of famous monuments to Pushkin, Fedorov, and many, many others. Moscow is a very big city and its public transportation is very fast and convenient. There are a lot of buses, trolley-buses, trams, and at least 190 Metro stations. There are 9 railway stations in Moscow and some airports around the city.
The main sports stadium in Moscow is the Luzhniki Stadium. Many competitions and football matches are held there. The Olympic village was built for the 22nd Olympic Games held in Moscow in 1980. So I’m a patriot of my country and I love it very much.