Russia is the largest country in the world. It covers a total area of over 17 million sq km. Russia is bordered by the Artic Ocean in the north, and the Black, Azov and Caspian Seas in the south. It is bordered by the following seas: the Bering sea, the seas of Japan and Okhotsk in the east and the Baltic Sea in the west.
Russia is a land of long rivers and large lakes. The largest of all Russia’s rivers is the Volga. This river is a major transport route from north to south in addition to being a source of hydroelectric energy. The three largest lakes in Russia are Baikal in southeastern Siberia and Ladoga and Onega in Northern Russia. Baikal is the world’s most ancient lake and the deepest one. It contains 1/5 of the world’s fresh water. Russian lands are mostly flat. Russia is located on two plains: the Great Russian plain and the Western Siberian plain. There are various types of climate in Russia. It is one of the coldest and northernmost countries.
Russia has cultural symbols. The state symbol of Russia is a tri-coloured flag with three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. The white stripe symbolizes the earth, the blue one-the sky, and the red one symbolizes liberty. A new national emblem is a two-headed eagle, which is the most ancient symbol of Russia.