The Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort is located at Aibga Ridge and will host all Alpine Skiing disciplines: Downhill, Combined (downhill and slalom), Giant Slalom and the Super Giant Slalom. The total length of the competition slope is 9 km. It will host Alpine skiing disciplines.
Alpine skiing (or downhill skiing) is the sport of sliding down snow-covered hills on skis with fixed-heel bindings. Alpine skiing can be contrasted with Nordic skiing – such as cross-country, and ski jumping – in which skiers use free-heel bindings.
Alpine skiing includes the following sports:
Speed skiing (downhill) is the sport of skiing downhill in a straight line as quickly as possible. It is one of the fastest non-motorized sports on land. Speed skiers regularly exceed 200 km/h (125 mph). Speed skiing is practiced on steep, specially designed courses one kilometer long. There are approximately thirty of these courses worldwide, many of them at high altitudes to minimize air resistance.
The first 300 or 400 meters of the course (the launching area) is used to gain speed, the top speed is measured in the next 100 meters (the timing zone) and the last 500 meters (the run-out area) is used for slowing down and coming to a stop. The start point is chosen so that, in theory, skiers should not exceed 200 km/h, hence competition is aimed at winning a particular event, not breaking world speed records. The speed attained is determined by conditions and safety.
Slalom and Giant Slalom make up the “technical events” in alpine ski racing. This category separates them from the “speed events” like Super-G (Super Giant) and Downhill. A course is constructed by laying out a series of gates. Gates are formed by alternating pairs of red and blue poles. The skier must pass between the two poles forming the gate. (Strictly speaking, the tips of both skis and the skier’s feet must pass between the poles.) A course has 55 to 75 gates for men and 40 to 60 gates for women.
Parallel Slalom is a kind of competition in skiing and snowboarding in which two or more participants simultaneously receive two or more adjacent lines. Trails located nearby must be similar to each other to the maximum by the following parameters: topography, snow cover, the number of gates, etc.
As many other sport events, they are greatly affected by temperature conditions.
Temperature is a measure of the average energy of motion, or kinetic energy, of particles in matter. When particles of matter, whether in solids, liquids, gases, or elementary plasmas, move faster or have greater mass, they carry more kinetic energy, and the material appears warmer than a material with slower or less massive particles.
Temperature is measured with thermometers that may be calibrated to a variety of temperature scales. In most of the world the Celsius scale is used for most temperature measuring purposes. The entire scientific world measures temperature using the Celsius scale and thermodynamic temperature using the Kelvin scale, which is just the Celsius scale shifted downwards so that 0 K= −273.15 °C, or absolute zero. On the Fahrenheit scale, the freezing point of water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) and the boiling point 212 °F (at standard atmospheric pressure), placing the boiling and freezing points of water exactly 180 degrees apart.
Ice temperature is one of the most important parameters in sports as it must compensate for warmth and humidity. If it is too high the ice can become “soft” and athlets can show worse results. Ice must provide cohesion with skates.