1. What is the supreme law of the land? – The Constitution
2. What does the Constitution do? – Sets up the government; defines the government; protects basic rights of Americans.
3. The idea of self-government is the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? – “We are the people”
4. What is an amendment? – A change OR an addition (to the Constitution).
5. What do we call the first 10 amendments to the Constitution? – The Bill of Rights.
6. What is the one right or freedom from the First Amendment? – Speech; religion; assembly; press; petition the government.
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? – Twenty-seven (27)
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do? – Announced our independence (from Great Britain); declared our independence (from Great Britain); said that the United States is free (from Great Britain).
9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? – Life; liberty; pursuit of happiness
10. What is freedom of religion? – you can practice any religion, or not practice any religion.
11. What is the economic system in the United States? – Capitalist economy; market economy.
12. What is the “rule of law”? – Everyone must follow the law; leaders must obey the law; government must obey the law; no one is above the law.
13. Name one branch or part of the government. – Legislative (Congress); executive (President); Judicial (the Courts).
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? – Checks and balances; separation of powers.
15. Who is in charge of executive branch? – The President
16. Who makes federal laws? – Congress; Senate and the House (of Representatives); (U. S. or national) legislature.
17. What are the two parts of the U. S. Congress? – The Senate
and House (of Representatives).
18. How many U. S. Senators are there? – One hundred (100).
19. We elect U. S. Senator for how many years. – Six (6).
20. Who is one of your state’s U. S. Senator. – Patty Murray; Maria Cantwell (Washington State – 2007).
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members. – Four hundred thirty-five (435).
22. We elect a U. S. Representative for how many years – Two (2).
23. Name your U. S. Representative. – Jim McDermott (King County); Norm Dicks (Pierce County).
24. Who does a U. S. Senator represent? – All people of that state.
25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? – (Because of) the state’s population; (because) they have more people; (because) some have more people.
26. We elect a President for how many years. – Four (4).
27. In what month do we vote for President? – November.
28. What is the name of the President of the United States now? – Barack H. Obama (2009).
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now? – Joe Biden (2009)
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? – The Vice President
31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? – The Speaker of the House.
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? – The President
33. Who signs bills to become laws? – The President
34. Who vetoes bills? – The President
35. What does the President’s Cabinet do? – Advise the President
36. What are two Cabinet – level positions?