Belarus is an Eastern Slavic nation, historically part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Poland and Russia. It regained its independence on the 27th of July, 1990. The territory of present-day Belarus was first populated in the Early Stone age by Eastern Slavic tribes, and the ancestors of the Belorussians are the Krivichi, Radimichi and Dregovichi.
With the development of a class society the Eastern Slavic tribes begin to unite and the first state appeared in the 9th century, known as Kievan Rus. But in the 14th century the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was annexed in bondage to the Polish lords who exploited them cruelly.
In the 18th century Belarus was annexed by Russia. Belarus was synonymous with poverty and backwardness. The Belorussian people had no social and political rights. On November 7, 1917 Soviet Power was established in Belarus.
The life of our people is always linked with our Russian neighbours. During the Second World War, over the course of two years of German occupation, Hitler’s nazis destroyed more than 209 Belorussian cities and towns, 9,200 villages, and over 10,000 enterprises. All of the Soviet Republics helped Belarus to rebuild and restore what had been destroyed. Nowadays, Belarus has become a sovereign independent state with well developed industry and agriculture, science and culture. It is a founding member of the United Nations Organization.