Bermuda geography

More than 100 million years ago, our island was born of a turbulent marriage between fiery lava and the tempestuous North Atlantic waters.

Our picturesque archipelago may span only 53.7SQ KM / 20.7SQ MI but it boasts 120KM / 75MI of the most exquisite coastline in the Atlantic.

* Surrounded by crystal clear waters warmed by the Gulf Stream, our terrain is low, rolling hills perched in a relatively flat landscape
* The highest point is Town Hill in Smith’s Parish, which reaches 79M / 259FT above sea level

No island stands alone

Bermuda may seem like one continuous landmass to visitors, but is actually made up of 181 islands, islets and rocks. Most of these are uninhabited, but eight of the larger ones, linked by bridges and one causeway, form the subtropical paradise visitors cannot resist.

* Travelling from tip to tip of this fishhook-shaped chain of islands, you wind through land that is never more than.8KM / .5MI from the ocean. And usually much closer
* We have one of the smallest territories in the world. Only Monaco and Gibraltar are tinier

A paradise is born

Over eons:
The ocean’s currents and prevailing winds sculpted the pyrogenic rock and covered it with layers of limestone

* Migrating birds carried seminal elements from far away, fertilising the soil with seeds that would flourish on our archipelago
* The animal population arrived with great determination and a little luck. There are no land bridges to Bermuda, so only animals able to fly, swim or drift along on some form of flotsam could find a home here
* Finally, finishing touches were added by human seafarers who planted shrubs and flowering trees

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Bermuda geography