ABOUT THE WEATHER
Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a certain time or over a certain short period. It is connected with atmospheric pressure, temperature, rainfall, cloudiness and wind. The weather usually depends on the season. The season is characterized by a distinctive temperature, rainfall, vegetation and the like, which occur at different times in different regions and is determined by the position of the Earth in relation to the Sun. Rain, snow, hail, sleet, frost, and dew are all parts of the weather. So are cold spells, heat waves, clouds, breezes, gales, thunderstorms, and hurricanes. Weather can be good, bad, fine, excellent, beautiful, rainy, snowy, stormy, dry, hot, cold, warm, cool and pleasant.
In some parts of the world the weather stays very much the same day after day. In other places it often changes. A summer day that starts out bright and sunny may end with a thunderstorm. In the same way a cold and cloudy winter morning may be followed by a clear and spring like afternoon. In places where the weather often changes, everyone is interested in it. But not everyone wants the same kind of weather. A farmer may want a rainy day because his crops need rain. His neighbour may want a sunny day because it is time for him to harvest. Some people may be glad to see a heavy snowstorm because they want to go skiing. Others may not like the snow at all because it blocks the roads and makes travelling hard. Not everyone is happy when there is a week of warm, sunny weather in early spring. Some people know that the snow is melting so fast that rivers will flood. Even if a person does not mind heat or cold or rain or snow, the weather is important to him. Bad weather may ruin crops so that food will cost more. It may cause forest fires, flood homes and so on. The weather affects the lives of all of us in many ways.
We have learned to change the ‘weather’ inside our houses. We can make the air warmer, or we can cool it.
We can put more moisture in it if it is too dry. Or, if it is too damp, we can take some of the moisture out of it. We can turn on lights if it is dark and cloudy out of doors. And by simple turning of the switch of an electric fan we can start a pleasant breeze blowing.
Even out of doors we began to experiment with changing the weather. We can make fogs disappear from aeroplane landing fields and we can cause rain. But we probably still have to take the weather as it comes.
The English are famous for their weather as it is very changeable, never the same two days running. But foggy weather is the very worst. The thick white fog rolls in from the sea all over the country. It is dark in the middle of the day and people cannot see their way, buses and cars crawl along slowly with their lights on, blowing their horns. It is natural for the English to use the comparison “as changeable as the weather” of a person who often changes his mood or opinion about something. “Other countries have a climate, in England we have weather”. This statement is often made by the English to describe the meteorological conditions of their country.
The weather is the favourite conversational topic in England. When two Englishmen meet, one of their remarks is almost certain to be about the weather. When the British go abroad they often surprise people of other nationalities by this tendency to talk about the weather, a topic of conversation that other people do not find so interesting.